- a balsamic resin obtained from certain tropical Asian trees (genus Styrax of the storax family) and used in medicine and perfumery and as incense
- any of a genus (Lindera) of aromatic plants of the laurel family; esp., the spicebush of E North America
- Chem. a white, crystalline substance, CHCHOHCOCH, used in making antiseptic ointments and in respiration inhalants
Origin of benzoinFrench benjoin from Italian benzoino from Arabic lub?n j?w?, incense of Java: lu- dropped because falsely assumed to be the article
- A balsamic resin obtained from certain tropical Asian trees of the genus Styrax and used in perfumery and medicine. Also called benjamin . Also called gum benjamin . Also called gum benzoin .
- A white or yellowish crystalline compound, C14H12O2, derived from benzaldehyde.
Origin of benzoinEarlier benjoin from French benjoin Italian benzoino both from Arabic lubān jāwī frankincense of Java lbn
(countable and uncountable, plural benzoins)
- A resinous substance, dry and brittle, obtained from the Styrax benzoin, a tree of Sumatra, Java, etc., having a fragrant odor, and slightly aromatic taste. It is used in the preparation of benzoic acid, in medicine, and as a perfume. [from 16th c.]
- (organic chemistry) An aromatic hydroxy ketone, 2-hydroxy-1,2-di(phenyl)ethanone, synthesized from benzaldehyde; any derivative of this compound. [from 19th c.]
- (botany) The spicebush, Lindera benzoin. [from 19th c.]