Francis First Viscount Saint Albans. 1561-1626
English philosopher, essayist, courtier, jurist, and statesman. His writings include The Advancement of Learning (1605) and the Novum Organum (1620), in which he proposed a theory of scientific knowledge based on observation and experiment that came to be known as the inductive method.
Irish-born British painter best known for his portraits in which subjects are distorted and invested with feelings of terror.