Origin of astonishaltered from Middle English astonien from Old French estoner from Vulgar Latin an unverified form extonare (for Classical Latin attonare) from ex-, intensive + tonare, to thunder
The effect a trapeze artist has on an audience is an example of astonish.
transitive verbas·ton·ished, as·ton·ish·ing, as·ton·ish·es
Origin of astonishAlteration of Middle English astonen from Old French estoner from Vulgar Latin extonāre Latin ex- ex- Latin tonāre to thunder ; see (s)tenə- in Indo-European roots.
(third-person singular simple present astonishes, present participle astonishing, simple past and past participle astonished)
From an alteration (due to words ending in -ish: abolish, banish, cherish, establish, furnish, etc.) of earlier astony, astone, aston, astun (“to astonish, confound, stun”), from Middle English astonien, astunien, astonen, astunen, astounen (“to astound, stun, astonish”), from Old English *āstunian, from ā- (perfective prefix) + stunian (“to make a loud sound, crash, resound, roar, bang, dash, impinge, knock, confound, astonish, stupefy”), from Proto-Germanic *stunōną (“to sound, crash, bang, groan”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ten-, *(s)ton- (“to thunder, roar, groan”), equivalent to a- + stun. Compare German erstaunen (“to astonish, amaze”). Influenced by Old French estoner, estuner, estonner (“to stun”), either from an assumed Latin *extonare, or from Old Frankish *stunen (“to stun”), related to Middle High German stunen (“to knock, strike, stun”) and thus also to the Old English word above.
- The quality and varieties of textiles and pottery astonish the collector.
- Some people will likely receive more expensive gifts because you have a closer relationship with them, but do not let the budget spiral out of control in order to impress or astonish people with expensive gifts.
- It would astonish you to see how many words she learns in an hour in this pleasant manner.
- If I should attempt to tell how I have desired to spend my life in years past, it would probably surprise those of my readers who are somewhat acquainted with its actual history; it would certainly astonish those who know nothing about it.
- But to the generals, especially the foreign ones in the Russian army, who wished to distinguish themselves, to astonish somebody, and for some reason to capture a king or a duke--it seemed that now--when any battle must be horrible and senseless--was the very time to fight and conquer somebody.