- a member of a group of South American Indian peoples of Chile and the Argentine pampas
- the language of these peoples
Origin of Araucanianfrom Spanish Araucano, after Arauco, region (now a province) in Chile from Araucanian rau, clay + ko, water
- A language family of south-central Chile and the western pampas of Argentina that includes Mapuche.
- A member of a people speaking an Araucanian language.
Origin of AraucanianSpanish araucano Araucanian person, Mapuche from Arauco , a former region of southern Chile
(comparative more Araucanian, superlative most Araucanian)
- While still in use, largely dated and academic, this term is regarded by the Mapuche people as highly offensive. "Mapuche" may be preferred.