- The definition of abrupt is when something suddenly happens or changes suddenly, with no advance warning.
An example of abrupt is a driver quickly making a left turn without putting his turn signal on first.
- Abrupt is when someone is short or curt in their manner or actions.
An example of abrupt is a teacher who always cuts her students off in conversation without ever stopping to listen.
- Abrupt means the edge of something appears to break off suddenly or steeply.
An example of abrupt is a high cliff on the edge of a mountain.
- coming, happening, or ending suddenly; sudden; unexpected
- curt or gruff in behavior or speech; brusque
- very steep: said as of a precipice
- jumping from topic to topic without proper transitions; jerky and disconnected
- Geol. having sudden variations in composition, form, etc.: said esp. of adjacent rock formations
Origin of abruptClassical Latin abruptus, past participle of abrumpere, to break off from ab-, off + rumpere, to break: see rupture
- Unexpectedly sudden: an abrupt change in the weather.
- Surprisingly curt; brusque: an abrupt answer made in anger.
- Touching on one subject after another with sudden transitions: abrupt prose.
- Steeply inclined. See Synonyms at steep1.
- Botany Terminating suddenly rather than gradually; truncate: an abrupt leaf.
Origin of abruptLatin abruptus past participle of abrumpere to break off ab- away ; see ab- 1. rumpere to break ; see reup- in Indo-European roots.
(comparative more abrupt or abrupter, superlative most abrupt or abruptest)
- Without notice to prepare the mind for the event; sudden; hasty; unceremonious. [First attested in the late 16th century.]
- The party came to an abrupt end when the parents of our host arrived.
- Curt in manner; brusque; rude; uncivil; impolite. [First attested in the late 16th century.]
- Having sudden transitions from one subject or state to another; unconnected; disjointed. [First attested in the late 16th century.]
- The abrupt style, which hath many breaches.
- Extremely steep or craggy as if broken up; precipitous. [First attested in the early 17th century.]
- (botany) Suddenly terminating, as if cut off; truncate. [First attested in the early 19th century.]
(third-person singular simple present abrupts, present participle abrupting, simple past and past participle abrupted)
- (poetic) Something which is abrupt; an abyss. [First attested in the mid 17th century.]