10Base-T - Computer Definition
The IEEE standard (1990), and for Cat 3, Cat 4, or Cat 5 unshielded twisted pair (UTP) in support of Ethernet transmission. 10Base-T translates to 10 Mbps (theoretical transmission rate), Baseband (one transmission at a time over a single, shared channel) transmission, and over Twisted pair media.The maximum segment length between the 10Base-T hub and the attached device (e.g., workstation or printer) is specified at 100 meters or less, although good Cat 5 cable will perform well over somewhat longer distances.The 10Base-T hub is a wire hub that serves as a multiport repeater, as well as a central point of interconnection. See also baseband, Cat 3, Cat 4, Cat 5, channel, Ethernet, IEEE, hub, repeater, standard, transmission rate, and UTP.
An Ethernet standard that transmits at 10 Mbps over twisted wire pairs (telephone wire). 10Base-T is a shared media LAN when used with a hub (all nodes share the 10 Mbps) and 10 Mbps between each pair of nodes when used with a switch. There are rarely new 10Base-T products. Most Ethernet adapters, hubs and switches are 10/100 devices, which support both 10Base-T and 100Base-T, which is 10 times as fast. (see 10/100 adapter). A Star Configuration In the 1980s, 10Base-T began to be widely deployed. Using inexpensive and flexible twisted pair "telephone wires," 10Base-T Ethernet ("T" means twisted) was easier to install than previous "thick" and "thin" Ethernets that used coaxial cable. See 10Base5, 10Base2, 10Base-F, Ethernet and Ethernet switch.